Components of Fitness
It’s important to understand the components of fitness, these are:
* Cardiorespiratory (CR) endurance – the efficiency that the body provides much needed oxygen and nutrients needed for muscular activity and transports waste goods from the cells.
* Muscular strength – the maximum quantity of force a muscle or group of muscles can exert in one effort.
* Muscular endurance – the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to execute repeated movements having a sub-maximal force for extended periods of times.
* Flexibility – the capability to move the joints or any group of joints through an entire, typical range of motion.
* Body composition – the percentage of body fat someone has in comparison to his total body mass.
Improving the very first 3 components of fitness in the list above will have a positive influence on body composition and definitely will lead to less fat. Excessive body fat detracts from the other fitness components, lessens performance, takes away from physical appearance, and adversely impacts your health.
Factors such as speed, agility, muscle power, eye-hand coordination, and eye-foot coordination are usually categorized as components of “motor” fitness. These types of factors must have an effect on your athletic ability. Proper training can certainly boost these elements inside the limits of your potential. A sensible weight loss and exercise program tries to enhance or maintain all the components of physical and motor fitness by way of sound, gradual, mission specific physical training.
Principles of Exercise
Adherence to particular basic exercise principles is critical regarding establishing an efficient program. The exact same principles of physical exercise apply to everybody at all levels of physical training, from the Olympic-caliber athlete to the weekend jogger.
These basic principles of exercise ought to be followed.
To accomplish a training effect, you need to exercise frequently. You need to exercise each of the first four fitness components at the very least 3 times a week. Infrequent physical exercise can do a lot more harm than good. Regularity is also crucial in relaxing, sleeping, and following a sensible diet plan.
The intensity (how difficult) and/or duration (how long) of exercise should gradually boost to enhance the level of fitness.
To be efficient, a program need to contain activities that address all the fitness components, because overemphasizing any one of them might hurt the others.
Offering a variety of activities reduces boredom and increases motivation and progress.
Training need to be geared toward certain goals. As an example, individuals turn into greater runners if their training emphasizes running. Although swimming is great physical exercise, it does not improve a 2-mile-run time as a lot as a running program does.
A tough day of training for a given component of fitness ought to be followed by an easier training day or rest day for that component and/or muscle group(s) to help permit recovery. An additional method to permit recovery is to alternate the muscle groups exercised each other day, especially when training for strength and/or muscle endurance.
The work load of each and every physical exercise session need to exceed the normal demands placed on the body in order to bring about a training effect.
So there you have it. If you follow the Components of Fitness and Principles of Fitness above this will guide you to your fitness goals. As always you will not be able to incorporate them all overnight. But see how you can bring them into your health and fitness program over time.Tags: cardio, components of fitness, excessive body, exercise program, exercise weight, eye hand coordination, fitness components, health and fitness, health factors, maximal force, maximum quantity, motor fitness, muscle power, muscular activity, muscular strength, physical appearance, physical fitness, sensible weight loss, typical activities, typical range